An ever popular topic here at Canines By Design, this week we bring up “zones of comfort”, what it means, how it affects your canine and how you can use it to help your canine through stressful situations.
Are you asking yourself “what does that mean?”… or “isn’t that some prop from Get Smart!?”. Well, we aren’t talking about a Hollywood TV prop, but, like the safe learning space that the (awesome) “cone of silence” was designed to create, building a comfort zone means working with the environment around us to create a positive and, most importantly, educational, experience. And unlike Maxwell Smart’s device, I’ve found a much simpler approach that actually works to achieve the desired outcome!
We all have zones of comfort. These imaginary force fields around us help dictate our level of ease in social situations, strange environments and when we test new experiences. Depending on the individual, these zones will vary depending on previous exposure, comfort level, etc. and it is critical to take all factors into account.
Let’s use an example: Since I work with dogs, sitting on the floor in the middle of 10 full grown canines playing together doesn’t evoke feelings of stress or fear. However, for someone who isn’t used to large dog fests, or only interacted with guard dogs, their perspective on the situation will be totally different. For someone fearful of canines, such a situation could be so overwhelming that they might shut-down and glean nothing positive from the experience or not even be able to remove themselves from the environment because they are so overwhelmed. Some dog trainers like to call this “the red zone.” For the human analogy, we can say this person has started the “flight-or-fight” response. This response, also known as the acute stress response, is when the sympathetic nervous system responds to the physical or the strong emotional state that has been presented to the body, coordinating various bodily functions (adrenal gland secretion, pupil dilation, increase heart rate, etc.) in order to create the optimum situation for that individual’s survival (1).
Now imagine the situation where we are beginning to expose a newly adopted canine to various environmental factors. Maybe that dog had spent its first year locked in a backyard, without environmental enrichment. Maybe that backyard didn’t even have grass or any trees. Now, when we take that pup out and begin to work through different training scenarios, the environment can become very overwhelming, very quickly. For this particular example, the canine will enter the “red zone” fast – inhibiting their response to our training programs and damaging their overall personal growth. Part of my graduate thesis examined this phenomenon, and many examples arose in which increased levels of stress (in particular example it was related to training methodology) directly resulted in a decrease in working ability of canines trained for service (2,3,4).
It is therefore very important as caregivers that we keep our canines’ “zone of comfort” in mind when we are out training and setting out educational experiences for success. Here are some easy ways to keep this in mind while we are out and about:
- Keep your dog’s history in mind!
- If they have had previous negative experiences with something in the environment, their zone for this object/person/dog will be less secure.
- Slow and Steady!
- Fear can be incredibly powerful and debilitating. We cannot learn when we are in fear for our lives or someone’s well being. The same goes for canines. Flooding canines emotionally is a very dangerous practice. Working within what the canine is comfortable with, as slow as it may be, will allow you and your canine to gradually build confidence with that once-scary scenario, and also help you both build a stronger, trusting bond.
- Keep it Fun!
- We always strive to make every situation and experience for canine and caregiver as positive and rewarding as possible. Success gives everyone a good feeling, and those positive feelings go a long way to help overcome hurdles we encounter and give us further motivation to keep going.
Canines By Design is here for you! Contact us today to see how our customized approach can help you and your canine work together and create success everyone can see!
1. TheFreeDictionary.com (Medical Dictionary) (2015). Fight-or-Flight Reaction Definition. Retrieved from: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/fight-or-flight+reaction. Accessed on: July 22. 2015.
2. Hilby, E.F., Rooney, N.J., & Bradshaw, J.W.S. (2004). Dog training methods: their use, effectiveness and interaction with behavior and welfare. Anim. Welfare, 13: 63-69.
3. Haverbeke, A., Laporte, B., Depiereux, E., Giffroy, J.M., & Diederich, C. (2008). Training methods of military dog handlers and their effects on the team’s performance. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 113: 110-122.
4. Haverbeke, A., Messaoudi, F., Depiereux, E., Stevens, M., Giffroy, J.M, & Diederich, C. (2010). Efficiency of working dogs undergoing a new human familiarization and training program. J. Vet. Behav., 5: 112-119.